The Poorest Countries In Africa 2021

Poorest Countries In Africa 2020
Poorest Countries In Africa 2020

Africa is home to some of the poorest countries in the world. In 2021, these countries were expected to continue to experience extreme poverty and poor living conditions. The following five countries are expected to be the poorest in Africa: Central African Republic, Eritrea, Madagascar, Niger, and South Sudan. Africa is a continent with great potential, but unfortunately, it is also home to some of the poorest countries in the world.

The 10 African countries with the lowest GDPs. Many of these countries are plagued by poverty, disease, and political instability. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km², including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4 percent of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2019, it accounts for about 17 percent of the world’s human population.

 

The Poorest Countries In Africa 2021

 

10. The Gambia

Gambia flag
The Gambia

The Gambia is a small country on the coast of West Africa. It is one of the poorest countries in Africa and is expected to be the poorest country in Africa by 2021. The Gambia has 2.1 million people and a GDP of $3.2 billion. The Gambia’s main exports are peanuts and fish. The Gambia’s main imports are food, fuel, and manufactured goods. The Gambia has a high unemployment rate and a high poverty rate.

  • GNI per capita: $1,471
  • 2017 GDP: $3.2 billion
  • Population: 2.1 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 61.4 years

 

9. Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone was identified as one of the poorest countries in Africa. Despite being rich in natural resources, the country has been unable to improve the living conditions of its citizens. More than half of the population lives in poverty, and the unemployment rate is high. Sierra Leone also ranks poorly in terms of education and health care. The government has made efforts to improve these conditions, but much work remains to be done.

  • GNI per capita: $1,348
  • 2017 GDP: $10.5 billion
  • Population: 7.6 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 52.2 years

 

8. Madagascar

Madagascar Flag
Madagascar

According to the World Bank, Madagascar is the poorest country in Africa. In 2021, the country was projected to have a gross national income (GNI) of $1,399 per capita. This is well below the Sub-Saharan Africa average of $3,470 per capita. In addition, only 33 percent of Madagascar’s population has access to electricity, and just 47 percent have improved sanitation.

  • GNI per capita: $1,339
  • 2017 GDP:$36.2 billion
  • Population:25.6 million
  • Life expectancy at birth:66.3 years

 

7. Mozambique

Mozambique.
Mozambique.

Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa. It is considered one of the poorest countries in Africa and is still recovering from a civil war that ended in 1992. The country has over 28 million people, and the majority of the population lives in poverty. The economy is based on agriculture, and the main exports are cotton, cashews, sugar cane, shrimp, and timber.

  • GNI per capita: $1,100
  • 2017 GDP: $33.7 billion
  • Population: 29.7 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 58.9 years

 

6. Liberia

Liberia
Liberia

Liberia was ranked as the poorest country in Africa. The country has been struggling to recover from a 14-year civil war in 2003. More than 75% of the population lives below the poverty line, and the unemployment rate is estimated at 85%. Less than one-third of the population has access to electricity, and just 50% have access to safe drinking water.

  • GNI per capita: $1,078
  • 2017 GDP: $5.5 billion
  • Population: 4.7 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 63.0 years

 

5. Malawi

Malawi Flag
Malawi Flag

Malawi is one of the poorest countries in Africa and is projected to remain one of the poorest countries in the world by 2021. Despite its large size, Malawi has only 18 million people, making it one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. However, the country has a GDP per capita of only $900, and over 60% of the population lives in poverty.

  • GNI per capita: $1,064
  • 2017 GDP: $20.4 billion
  • Population: 18.6 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 63.7 years 

 

4. Niger

Niger
Niger

Niger is one of the poorest countries in Africa. It is located in the Sahel region, and it has a population of over 21.5 million people. The country has been struggling with poverty for many years, and the situation has only gotten worse in recent years. Niger is plagued by high food insecurity, malnutrition, and poverty. The country also has a high rate of infant mortality, and it is one of the least developed countries in the world.

  • GNI per capita: $906
  • 2017 GDP: $19.9 billion
  • Population: 21.5 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 60.4 years

 

3. The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the poorest countries in Africa. In 2021, it was estimated that the country’s GDP would be $65.7 billion. This is a significant decrease from the $32.9 billion that the country’s GDP was in 2016. The main reason for this decline is the country’s ongoing civil war.

  • GNI per capita: $796
  • 2017 GDP: $65.7 billion
  • Population: 81.3 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 60.0 years

 

2. Burundi

Burundi Flag
Burundi Flag

According to the World Bank, in 2021, Burundi will be the poorest country in Africa. With a GDP per capita of $686, Burundi is well below the Sub-Saharan Africa median of $1,470. Many factors contribute to Burundi’s ranking as the poorest country in Africa. Despite being rich in natural resources, including coffee and uranium, much of the population lives in poverty.

  • GNI per capita: $686
  • 2017 GDP: $7.3 billion
  •  Population: 10.9 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 57.9 years

 

1. The Central African Republic

The central African Republic flag
The central African Republic flag

The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in Africa. In 2021, it was estimated to have a GDP per capita of $663. The country has been plagued by political instability and violence for many years. As a result, the economy has been unable to grow, and living standards have declined. The majority of the population lives in poverty and lacks access to basic services such as healthcare and education.

  • GNI per capita: $663
  • 2017 GDP: $3.1 billion
  • Population: 4.7 million
  • Life expectancy at birth: 52.9 years

 

Source: | USA Today | 24/7 Wall Street